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School age children

Teeth eruption

Towards age 6 or 7, the first permanent (or adult) teeth erupt. They are called “first molars” or “6-year-old molars”. They come out in the back of the mouth, next to the last primary teeth (or milk teeth). They do not replace any primary tooth.

It is between the age of 6 and 12 that the roots slowly disappear and the primary teeth are shed. Your child should wiggle their primary teeth if they are moving and seem ready to shed in order to facilitate their exfoliation.

Around 13 or 14 years old, all permanent teeth are out, except wisdom teeth, also called third molars. In certain cases, a permanent tooth could be coming out before the primary tooth is lost. We can then recommend the extraction of the primary tooth as not to interfere with the permanent tooth’s eruption.

These tooth eruption charts indicate the age at which permanent teeth erupt and primary teeth shed in most children.

Consult us if you have any questions.

Healthy gums

Tooth decay is the main dental issue suffered by children. However, they are as likely to develop gum diseases than adults. Such afflictions happen when gums, which hold the teeth in place, are infected. To prevent gum diseases, you should brush your teeth and floss every day.

If your children’s gums bleed, you can keep brushing. However, if they are continuously swollen, painful or bleeding, it might be more serious. You should talk to a dental professional as soon as possible.

Why do new permanent teeth seem yellow or stained?

Permanent teeth can seem yellow compared to primary teeth. It is normal. However, if they appear stained or spotted, it can be the side effect of certain medication, or the result of trauma to the primary tooth, or a large intake of fluoride. In this case, you should mention it to us at your next appointment.